Peace, Security, Pluralism and Aid |

EU Policing and Justice

EU Policing and Justice

The European Union’s area of freedom, security and justice was created to ensure the free movement of persons and to offer a high level of protection to citizens. It covers policy areas that range from the management of the European Union’s external borders to judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and police cooperation. It also includes asylum and immigration policies and the fight against crime, including:
  • Terrorism
  • Organised crime
  • Cybercrime
  • Sexual exploitation of children
  • Trafficking in human beings
  • Illegal drugs, etc.

The European Police Office, commonly abbreviated Europol, is the law enforcement agency of the European Union (EU) that handles criminal intelligence and combating serious international organised crime by means of cooperation between the relevant authorities of the member states, including those tasked with customs, immigration services, border and financial police etc. Europol includes the European Cybercrime Centre that coordinates cross-border law enforcement activities against computer crime and acts as a centre of technical expertise on the matter.

Frontex is the agency of the European Union (EU) that manages the cooperation between national border guards that is undertaken to secure the external borders of the union, including from illegal immigration, human trafficking and terrorist infiltration.

Eurosur is a surveillance system of the European Union that uses drones, reconnaissance aircraft, offshore sensors and satellite remote sensing, to track illegal immigration into the member states of the European Union.

ENISA is the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security. ENISA assists the Commission, the Member States and, consequently, the business community in meeting the requirements of network and information security, including present and future EU legislation. ENISA ultimately strives to serve as a centre of expertise for both Member States and EU Institutions to seek advice on matters related to network and information security.

European Union Police Missions
The European Union Police Missions are worldwide missions to aid the local police organisations to help in establishing a sustainable, professional and multi-ethnic police force. Missions have been carried out in Bosnia & Herzegovina, RD Congo and in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Ongoing missions are taking place in the Palestinian Territories, Afghanistan and Kosovo among others.

European Gendarmerie Force
The European Gendarmerie Force (EUROGENDFOR or EGF) is a European intervention force with militarised police functions and specialisation in crisis management, designed after the French Gendarmerie, the Spanish Guardia Civil, and the Italian Carabinieri and its Multinational Specialized Units (M.S.U.).

Member Forces include:

  • French Gendarmerie
  • Italian Carabinieri
  • Dutch Royal Marechaussee
  • Polish Military Gendarmerie
  • Portuguese National Republican Guard
  • Romanian Gendarmerie
  • Spanish Guardia Civil

European Border and Coast Guard
The establishment of a European Border and Coast Guard is a key measure under the European Agenda on Migration to reinforce the management and security of the EU’s external borders. The new Agency will ensure Union standards for border management are implemented at all external borders; carry out periodic risk analyses and mandatory vulnerability assessments to identify and address weak spots; be able to draw on a rapid reserve pool of at least 1,500 border guards and a technical equipment pool; and play an enhanced role in return operations.

brandeu_adminEU Policing and Justice