EU Countries with Nuclear Forces
The United Kingdom and France are the EU member states with Nuclear Weapons. Both countries are signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Both countries are also permanent members of the Security Council of the United Nations.
The UK currently maintains a fleet of four ‘Vanguard’ class ballistic missile submarines equipped with Trident II missiles. The British government announced a replacement to the current system to take place between 2007-2024. Current stockpile 225 Warheads.
France is the third largest nuclear-weapons force in the world, following the nuclear triads of the Russian Federation and the United States. Current stockpile 300 Warheads.
Nuclear Sharing & NATO
Nuclear sharing is a concept in NATO’s policy of nuclear deterrence, which involves member countries without nuclear weapons of their own in the planning for the use of nuclear weapons by NATO, and in particular provides for the armed forces of these countries to be involved in delivering these weapons in the event of their use. As of November 2009, Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey are still hosting U.S. nuclear weapons as part of NATO’s nuclear sharing policy.